We refer to diarrhea as a situation where an individual stools more than three or four times a day. Alongside diarrhea comes nausea, abdominal discomfort, vomiting and sometimes, dizziness. In most cases, the stool appears very watery. This show us that there is rapid loss of water from the body and this would most likely have dehydration as an end result. Often, diarrhea stops after 3 or 4 days. Diarrhea that lasts for a few days is known as Acute diarrhea while diarrhea that still persist after 2 weeks becomes Chronic diarrhea. Persistence exceeding that should be handled by a medical personnel.
The causes of diarrhea include:
- Bacterial infections (vibrio cholerae, campylobacter, salmonella).
- Viral infections (rotavirus, hepatitis).
- Food poisoning.
- Certain drugs.
- Lactose intolerance (inability to digest certain sugars found in dairy products).
- Coeliac disease (gluten intolerance).
- Bowel cancer.
- Inflammation of the gut, etc.
- Abdominal pain.
- Frequent watery stooling.
- Inability to control stooling.
- Less urination.
- Appetite loss.
- Presence of blood and fat in stool.
The most common method to control dehydration in the course of diarrhea is by using the Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS). This is easy to prepare and is quite effective.
- Water (200ml)
- Salt (Half teaspoon full)
- Sugar (6 teaspoon full)
All you have to do is to thoroughly mix the sugar, salt and water till everything is dissolved. Administer this solution to the diarrhea patient every 5-10 minutes till urinating becomes stable.
Note that this method does not replace medical treatment. If the case becomes severe, visit a medical doctor for proper care.
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